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The Historical Status of China in Tibet

Ahmad, Zahiruddin:
The Historical Status of China in Tibet / by Zahiruddin Ahmad. - New Delhi : Aditya Prakashan, 2012. - xii, 215 S.
ISBN 978-81-7742-111-8
Rs. 700,00
US$ 26,85 (Biblia Impex) (inkl. Airmail)
US$ 34,30 (D.K. Agencies)
US$ 39,60 (Bagchee)
US$ 48,50 (K.K. Agencies)
DDC: 951.5; 327.515051

In this book, the author examines the claim, made by the British in the 19th/20th centuries, that China was suzerain (but not sovereign) in Tibet; and the counter-claim, made by the Chinese, that China was sovereign (not suzerain) in Tibet, at least since the 13th century.
   The author shows that neither of these two propositions is historically correct. In the 13th/14th centuries, when China was part of the East Asian Mongol empire, a personal, religious relationship was established between the Mongol Khan (not the emperor of China) and the principal lama-ruler of Tibet, namely, the head of the Sakyapa sect of Tibetan Buddhism. Briefly, it was a relationship between the Khan as the Giver-of-religious offerings and the deity (Hevajra) incarnate in the body of the lama as an Object-of-worship.
   During the Manchu Ch'ng dynasty (1644-1912), the personal, religious relationship was revived between the Manchu emperor and the new heads of the Tibetan state, namely, the Dalai Lamas of Tibet, the reincarnations of Avalokitesvara.
   This thesis is supported by 9 appendices, which are translations of Chinese, Tibetan and Mongolian historical documents. [Verlagsinformation]

1. Introduction. 1
2. The Mongols and Tibet. 3
3. The Ming dynasty of China (1368-1644) and Tibet. 12
4. The Manchus and Tibet: I1) Shun-chih (1644-61) and K'ang-hsi (1661-1722). 29
5. The Manchus and Tibet: (2) Yung-cheng (1723-35), Ch'ien-lung (1736-96) and the early 19th century. 50
6. British Policy in Tibet. 67
Appendix I: From the Yuan Shih. 97
Appendix II: From the Sa-skya-pa'i dun-rabs (SDR). 101
Appendix III: Khubilai Khan's "Edict in the Tibetan language" (1254). 109
Appendix IV: Khubilai Khan's "Pearl Edict" (1264). 113
Appendix V: From Sagang Secen's History of the Mongols. 117
Appendix VI: From the Ming Shih. 123
Appendix VII: From the Ch'ing shih lu (29 December 1692). 161
Appendix VIII: From the Ch'ing shih lu (7 November 1719). 165
Appendix IX: From the Ch'ing shih lu (18 November 1721). 167
Abbreviations and Bibliography. 169
Notes. 177
Index. 197

Quellen: Aditya Prakashan; WorldCat; K.K. Agencies; D.K. Agencies; Bagchee
Bildquelle: Aditya Prakashan
Bibliographie: [1]