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Nationalism in the Vernacular

Nijhawan, Shobna (Hrsg.):
Nationalism in the Vernacular : Hindi, Urdu, and the Literature of Indian Freedom / an anthology ed. by Shobna Nijhawan. With Introductions by Vasudha Dalmia and Christopher Shackle. - Ranikhet : Permanent Black, 2010. - xvii, 517 S.
ISBN 978-81-7824-260-6 / 81-7824-260-5
Rs. 795,00
US$ 17,28 (Eastern Book Corp.)
US$ 36,05 (D.K. Agencies)
US$ 45,00 (inkl. Airmail) (Vedams)
US$ 55,80 (Bagchee)
DDC: 891.4308

This anthology comprises a selection of formative literary writings in Hindi and Urdu from the second half of the nineteenth century, leading up to Indian Independence and the creation of Pakistan. The texts here are mostly hitherto unpublished translations into English.
   The anthology provides a picture of how nationalism—as a cultural ideology and political movement—was formed in literature. Unlike other anthologies, this one focuses on writings in two North Indian vernaculars with a contested relationship: Hindi and Urdu. The combination is deliberate: the relationship of Hindi and Urdu was being consolidated and sealed even as these texts were being written.
   There are two separate Introductions to this anthology. Each grounds, respectively, the peculiar paths taken by Hindi and Urdu proponents and practitioners. The anthology emphasizes the shared ground of Hindi and Urdu. The Hindi and Urdu texts are arranged into eight thematic clusters, each represented by a nationalist mode of reasoning. Autobiographical writings in Hindi, prison poetry in Urdu, and social reform writings around gender, caste, class, and Dalits are also included in this fascinating collection. [Verlagsinformation]

Christopher Shackle: Introduction: Urdu, nation, and community
Vasudha Dalmia : Introduction: Hindi, nation, and community
1. Altaf Husain "Hali" (1837-1914) : The flow and ebb of Islam / Christopher Shackle
2. Shahab al-Din Ahmad "Saqib" (fl. 1857-1863) and Hakim Muhammad "Ahsan" (fl. 1857-1863) : The lament for Delhi / Pasha Mohamad Khan
3. Shridhar Pathak (1860-1928) : The beauty of Kashmir / Valerie Ritter
4. Brij Mohan Dattatreya "Kaifi" (1866-1955) : A mirror for India / Christopher Shackle
5. Prempyari Devi (late nineteenth century) : The story of the globe / Geeta Patel
6. Shiv (late nineteenth century) : About the nation and Bharat's Young Warriors / Geeta Patel
7. Muhammad Iqbal (1879-1938) : Himalaya; the anthem of India; and the anthem of the community / Christopher Shackle
8. Premchand (1880-1936) : The world's most precious object / Allison Busch
9. Maithilisharan Gupta (1886-1964) : The slaying of Jayadrath / Pamela Lothspeich
10. Vrindavanlal Varma (1889-1966) : Rani Lakshmi Bai / Harleen Singh
11. Bharatendu Harishchandra (1850-1885) : The tangles of Panch / Vasudha Dalmia
12. Shibli Nomani (1857-1914) : You are not oppressors, by any means, but still we are oppressed; religion or politics; and Muslim League / A. Sean Pue
13. Balmukund Gupta (1865-1907) : Shivshambhu's letters to Lord Curzon / Jason Grunebaum and Ulrike Stark
14. Brij Narain "Chakbast" (1882-1926) : A spat with Lord Curzon / Mehr Farooqi
15. Josh Malihabadi (1896-1982) : Address to the sons of the East India Company / Christopher Shackle
16. Ganga Prasad Shrivastav (1890-1962) : The lawyer's argument / Rahul Bjorn Parson
17. Sa'adat Hasan Manto (1912-1955) : The progressive graveyard / Pasha Mohamad Khan
18. "Munir" Shikohabadi (1819-1881) : On his imprisonment / Christopher Shackle
19. Shivrani Devi (d.1976) : In Premchand's Home / Preetha Mani
20. Sacchidananda Hirananda Vatsyayan "Ajneya" (1911-1987) : Shekhar: A Life / Vasudha Paramasivan
21. "Akbar" Ilahabadi (1846-1921) : Satirical verses and excerpts from "Dialogue between new and old ways" / Mehr Farooqi
22. Bharatendu Harishchandra (1850-1885) : The sad state of India / Francesca Orsini
23. Bharatendu Harishchandra (1850-1885) : Levee lacks levity / Rupert Snell
24. Thakur Jagmohan Singh (1857-1899) : The Play of the Hookah-Smoker: a Farce in Four Acts / Robert van de Walle
25. Zafar Ali Khan (1873-1956) : India; Tommy Raj; The Christian church; Martial law; Fate's decree; The tale of Aurangzeb's Burning of sacred threads; The lightning of Islam and The threshing floor of Shuddhi; and Urdu / Christopher Shackle
26. Sahajanand Saraswati (1889-1950) : The peasants of Gaya and our 1933 confrontation with government / Walter Hauser and Kailash Chandra Jha
27. Chaudhuri Abdul Ghani (1890-1932) : National gatherings: our organizations / Justin Jones
28. Bharatendu Harishchandra (1850-1885) : A discourse on the progress of Hindi / Vasudha Dalmia
29. Ganeshbihari Mishra, Shyambihari Mishra, Shukdevbihari Mishra (1879-1951) : An early moment in the development of Hindi literary history / Allison Busch
30. Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi (1864-1938) : The present state of Hindi / Sujata Mody
31. Badrinath Bhatt (1891-1934) : Exposed / Avinash Kumar
32. Sayyid Ahmad Khan (1817-1898) : Lessons from London / Christopher Shackle
33. Ayodhyasinh Upadhyay "Hariaudh" (1865-1947) : Absence of the beloved / Valerie Ritter
34. Balaji (late nineteenth century) : Suitable literature for women in Hindi / Shobna Nijhawan
35. Shiv Sharma (late nineteenth century) : Instructions for women / Charu Gupta
36. Ramrakh Singh Sahgal (1896-1952) : Women's society and Seva-Dharma / Balraj Persaud
37. Chaturbhuj Ji Divaniya (late nineteenth century) : Sushila / Sneha Desai
38. Jainendra Kumar (1905-1988) : Sunita / Sophie Hartman
39. Ramchandra Shukla (late nineteenth century) : The untouchable's lament / Toral Gajarawala
40. Achhutanand (1879-1933) : The justice of Ram-Rajya / Sarah Beth
41. Suryakant Tripathi "Nirala" (1896-1961) : Chaturi, The Shoemaker / Scott Schlossberg
42. Hasan Nizami (1878-1955) : Hasan Nizami's journey around the world in the year 2050 / Zain Shirazi
43. Premchand (1880-1936) : Godaan - the gift of a cow / Gordon C. Roadarmel
44. Sa'adat Hasan Manto (1912-1955) : The urinal / Richard Delacy.

SHOBNA NIJHAWAN teaches Hindi at York University in Canada. Her PhD, on women’s Hindi journals and nationalism, was from the University of California, Berkeley. Her special areas of interest lie in South and Southeast Asian Studies (Hindi/Urdu), with an emphasis on women, gender, and sexuality. Profile page.

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