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Women in Early Indian Buddhism

Collett, Alice [Hrsg.]:
Women in Early Indian Buddhism : Comparative Textual Studies / edited by Alice Collett. - Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2014. - xii, 274 S. : Ill. - (South Asia research)
ISBN 978-0-19-932604-4
US$ 74,00 / £ 47,99
DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199326044.001.0001
DDC: 294.30820934

The path of practice as taught in ancient India by Gotama Buddha was open to both women and men. The texts of early Indian Buddhism show that women were lay followers of the Buddha and were also granted the right to ordain and become nuns. Certain women were known as influential teachers of men and women alike and considered experts in certain aspects of Gotama's dhamma. For this to occur in an ancient religion practiced within traditional societies is really quite extraordinary. This is apparent especially in light of the continued problems experienced by practitioners of many religions today involved in challenging instilled norms and practices and conferring the status of any high office upon women.
   In this collection, Alice Collett brings together a sampling of the plethora of Buddhist texts from early Indian Buddhism in which women figure centrally. It is true that there are negative conceptualizations of and attitudes towards women expressed in early Buddhist texts, but for so many texts concerning women to have been composed, collated and preserved is worthy of note. The simple fact that the Buddhist textual record names so many nuns and laywomen, and preserves biographies of them, attests to a relatively positive situation for women at that time. With the possible exception of the reverence accorded Egyptian queens, there is no textual record of named women from an ancient civilization that comes close to that of early Indian Buddhism. This volume offers comparative study of texts in five different languages - Gandhari, Pali, Sanskrit, Chinese and Sinhala. Each chapter is a study and translation, with some chapters focusing more on translation and some more on comparisons between parallel and similar texts, whilst others are more discursive and thematic. [Verlagsinformation]

Contributors. vii
A Note on Non-English Words. x
Abbreviations. xi
Alice Collett:
Introduction. 1
1. Ingo Strauch:
The Bajaur Collection of Kharoṣṭhī Manuscripts: Mahāprajāpatī Gautamī and the Order of Nuns in a Gandhāran Version of the Dakṣiṇāvibhaṅgasūtra. 17
2. Timothy Lenz:
The British Library Kharoṣṭhī Fragments: Behind the Birch Bark Curtain. 46
3. Alice Collett:
Pali Vinaya: Re-conceptualizing Female Sexuality in Early Buddhism. 62
4. Amy Paris Langenberg:
Mahāsāṅghika-Lokottaravāda Bhikṣuṇī Vinaya: The Intersection of Womanly Virtue and Buddhist Asceticism. 80
5. Bhikkhu Anālayo:
Aṅguttara-nikāya / Ekottarika-āgama: Outstanding Bhikkhunīs in the Ekottarika-āgama. 97
6. Bhikkhu Anālayo:
Saṃyutta-nikāya / Saṃyukta-āgama: Defying Māra - Bhikkhunīs in the Saṃyukta-āgama. 116
7. Alice Collett:
Therīgāthā: Nandā, Female Sibling of Gotama Buddha. 140
8. Jonathan S. Walters:
Apadāna: Therī-Apadāna: Wives of the Saints: Marriage and Kamma in the Path to Arahantship. 160
9. Karen Muldoon-Hules:
Avadānaśataka: The Role of Brahmanical Marriage in a Buddhist Text. 192
10. Ranjini Obeyesekere:
Dhammapada-aṭṭhakathā / Saddharmaratnāvaliya: Women in Medieval South Asian Buddhist Societies. 221
Bibliography. 247
Index. 267

ALICE COLLETT is a Fellow of the Arts and Humanities Council of Great Britain (AHRC) and Lecturer at York St John University. She has worked in different universities in North America and the UK, and published several articles on women in early Indian Buddhism, including two which look at reception history and review the modern scholarly debate on the subject. She is currently working on a monograph entitled Pali Biographies of Buddhist Nuns, for which she is in receipt of an Arts and Humanities Research Council award. Profile page.

Quellen: Oxford University Press (USA); Oxford University Press (UK); Bookbutler; WorldCat; Google Books; Library of Congress
Bildquelle: Oxford University Press (UK)
Bibliographie: [1]